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First Amendment - U.S. Constitution
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School
"...a non-profit legal and educational organization affiliated with the American Library Association. FTRF protects and
defends the First Amendment of the Constitution and supports the right of libraries to collect - and individuals to
access - information."
"...to ensure that people everywhere have the freedom to create literature, to convey information and ideas,
to express their views, and to make it possible for everyone to access the views, ideas, and literatures of others."
Banned Books Week celebrates the freedom to read whatever one chooses. Understand intellectual freedom and its importance and find out the difference between a banned book and a challenged book. Click on censorship and challenges and notable First Amendment cases to explore the subject. See why books are challenged and who challenges them. Access a list of the most frequently challenged books. Additional lists and graphs about challenged books and challenged authors are also available.
Topic: Challenged and banned books, Intellectual freedom Language: English Lexile: 1240
In junior high in 1954, Eleanor Cumberland learned firsthand about school desegregation and racial prejudice. Fifty years later, Cumberland asked the principal of Ohio's Hillsboro High School to remove To Kill a Mockingbird from the school curriculum because she believes it encourages bigotry and racial superiority, but the superintendent believes it condemns racial prejudice and teaches tolerance. Investigate reasons why books are banned as you explore academic freedom and controversial materials. Analyze why there might be a difference in standards between school curriculum and library shelves.
Topic: Intellectual freedom, Challenged and banned books Language: English Lexile: 1320 Magazine
Throughout history, books have been banned or have been the target of censorship. Ulysses is a novel that was praised by literary critics, but banned for obscene content. Canterbury Tales, Moll Flanders, and The Arabian Nights were prohibited because of lewd content. Leaves of Grass, by Walt Whitman, became the target of criminal prosecution for explicit language. Other books have caused their authors to be charged with treason. The Bible and the Quran were banned in the Soviet Union. Even in the United States, the Bible has been censored in public schools.
Topic: Challenged and banned books
Language: English Lexile: 1470