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The 60's

DESTINY CATALOG SELECTED WEBSITES

Topic Language Lexile

URL

American Cultural History: 1960-1969
The nineteen sixties is well known for it being a cultural movement for the young generation wishing to initiate change. At this Kingwood College Library web site you will find an entire section dedicated to teaching others about this era of change. The main page contains a small table listing several important and interesting facts and statistics about the 1960's. From the menu you can then choose to learn about the 1960's art and architecture; theater, film, radio, and television; books and literature; fashion and fads; education; music; events; and technology.

(1960s) Nineteen sixties English 1310

http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu

Non-Violent Protests: 1960
In the mid-20th century, black and white people across the South went to segregated facilities like movie theaters and lunch counters. When four college students decided to protest, their actions spurred a national phenomenon. Students in Nashville attended workshops in preparation for lunch counter sit-ins to gain a greater understanding of the philosophy, techniques, and how to respond to violence. Economic boycotts pressure department stores and thousands march on city hall to gain the victory in Nashville.

Civil rights movements--History--20th century, Nonviolence (Passive resistance) English 1180

http://www.pbs.org

Flower Power
A youth counterculture emerged in the 1960s. Middle-class college students rejected the suburban conformity of the 1950s. The hippie lifestyle departed from traditional values and embraced a communal way of life. Sex was treated more casually and drug experimentation became common, resulting in more sexually-transmitted diseases and drug addiction. Communes were often based on earth religions, astrology, or eastern religions. Health food and vegetarianism became popular. Explore the fashion trends, music, and attitudes of the 1960s.

(1960s) Nineteen sixties, Hippies English 1030

http://www.ushistory.org

1950s-1970s: Social Reform
Students demanded free speech and the right to have political protests. African-Americans fought for equality and civil rights. Farmworkers demanded better labor conditions. People protested the Vietnam War and the draft. Social and racial injustice led to angry frustration and even violence, like the Watts Riots. The 1960s are known for civil rights and the struggle for social justice, but this period actually extended from the 1950s to the 1970s. Gender roles were questioned, and social protests made the news.

Civil rights movements--History--20th century, Protest movements, Social reformers, (1960s) Nineteen sixties English 1430

http://www.calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu

Apollo 13 Accident
Copies of the only pictures of the damaged service module are on this website. They show the large part of the spacecraft that was blown way during the third cryo-stir of the mission. You can read how the accident occurred, the reactions of the astronauts and Mission Control, and look at diagrams of the oxygen tanks. There are also transcripts of the conversation between the astronauts and Mission Control to read. There are links to other information at the NASA site, including lunar and planetary information.

United States.--National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Apollo 13 (Spacecraft) English 1530

http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

Apollo 13
The Smithsonian Institute's National Air and Space Museum website has fascinating pictures and easy-to-read, but detailed, information. This website is a narrative account of the events, from launch at 2:13 p.m. EST April 11, 1970 until the men landed safely about 140 hours later. It mentions Fra Mauro, the intended lunar landing site for Apollo 13, and links you to the Apollo 14 mission, which successfully landed there. There is also information about prime and back up crew information with links to all the Apollo Missions and astronauts.

Smithsonian Institution, Apollo 13 (Spacecraft) English 1140

http://www.nasm.si.edu

The Expanding Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements and 1960s Counterculture (1957-1972)
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil rights activist who was assassinated. Although he strove for nonviolence, he believed in being aggressive in stepping outside an unjust legal system. Malcolm X was a Muslim minister who was also assassinated. A militant leader, he encourage black nationalism and African American unity. The Black Panthers supported armed resistance against societal oppression. Identify other civil rights leaders and advocates of black power. Explore the Beat Generation of the 1960s and the contributions of various writers and musicians. Investigate anti-war demonstrations concerning the Vietnam War.

(1960s) Nineteen sixties, Beat generation, Civil rights movements--History--20th century, Vietnam War, 1961-1975, Anti-Vietnam War demonstrations (Vietnam War protests) English BR

http://www.theomahaproject.org

Black Nationalism and Black Power
The 1960s was not the first time black leaders were fighting for separatism, but this was the first time the United States saw the rise of the Black Muslims. This article focuses on Black Nationalism in the 1960s, specifically Black Muslim Malcolm X, who became the most controversial advocate of separatism. Following his lead, many key civil rights organizations showed their support for Black Nationalism by challenging the leadership of the Civil Rights Movements. The influence of Black Nationalism upon the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s is also an important part of the article.

Black Muslims, Black nationalism, Nationalism English 1330

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu

Freedom Riders
In 1961 a group of brave civil rights activists dared to challenge the segregation taking place in the American South. This is the story of their journey, presented by PBS. As you join them on this trail of freedom you will learn about the Freedom Rides they took part in, complete with maps of the trail and details about key locations. You will meet the individuals who played a role in this significant movement. And finally you will explore the issues that brought about this movement and how the movement changed America.

Civil rights movements, Civil rights--History, Civil rights movements--History--20th century English 1330

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu

Freedom Riders
In 1961 a group of brave civil rights activists dared to challenge the segregation taking place in the American South. This is the story of their journey, presented by PBS. As you join them on this trail of freedom you will learn about the Freedom Rides they took part in, complete with maps of the trail and details about key locations. You will meet the individuals who played a role in this significant movement. And finally you will explore the issues that brought about this movement and how the movement changed America.

Civil rights movements, Civil rights--History, Civil rights movements--History--20th century English 1190

http://www.pbs.org

The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: A Political Perspective After 40 Years
The National Security Archive commemorates the fortieth anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis with this web site, which is teeming with historical and background information on the crisis. Students can view documents, formerly secret, from the Archives of the United States and Cuba, listen to a White House intelligence briefing with President Kennedy, or read newspaper coverage of the crisis as the events unfolded. A photo gallery, and historical documents and naval charts from the hunt for Soviet submarines are also featured on this site.

Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 English 1200

http://www.gwu.edu

John Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Does John F. Kennedy's handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis make him a hero or villain in the eyes of history? This site from Learning Curves presents both sides and lets you decide. You will find background information on Cuba and its leader, Fidel Castro. The role of the Soviet Union is explained. Learn what decisions were made to keep the Cuban Missile Crisis from becoming a nuclear war. See how improvements were made in international relations after the crisis was over. Click on the activity button to test your knowledge.

Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962, Kennedy, John F.,--1917-1963 English 1190

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

The World on the Brink
Over the course of thirteen intense days in October 1962, the world came to the edge of a nuclear conflict between the two superpowers of the time. The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum's fascinating web site can help you understand how the crisis unfolded. The interactive site offers a number of primary sources, including audio excerpts, photos, and more. Discover the lengths to which the President and White House personnel went to avoid alarming the public. Explore a period of time that tested President Kennedy and held the potential of dire consequences for the world.

Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962, Kennedy, John F.,--1917-1963 English 1200

http://microsites.jfklibrary.org

Vietnam Gallery
The opening page of the online companion to the National Museum of the Marine Corps Vietnam War gallery provides you with some background information on the war and the contributions made by the Marines. The sections of the exhibition that are filled with information and pictures are accessible through a table of contents. You will find information on the events that led up to the war, Marine aviation, types of warfare, problems with borders, and the end of the war. There is information on the United States during the war and statistics related to the Marines and casualties of war.

Vietnam War, 1961-1975 English 1440

http://www.usmcmuseum.com

The US Anti-Vietnam War Movement (1964-1973)
For a thorough description of the tenacious anti-war activities during the Vietnam War, be sure to visit this web site provided by the International Center on Non-violent Conflict. The article begins with brief sections that summarize the conflict between the U.S. government and its own citizens and the political history that led to the Vietnam War. The largest part of the article is dedicated to describing the protests against the draft and against all involvement in a war that many Americans viewed with growing skepticism, as well as events during the war that further increased the disapproval of American citizens.

Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Draft resisters, Anti-Vietnam War demonstrations (Vietnam War protests) English, Spanish 1590

http://nonviolent-conflict.org

Vietnam War: History
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) presents this Web site with historical information about the Vietnam War. Read the Introduction and learn that Americans refer to the war in Vietnam as the Vietnam War, whereas the Vietnamese call it the American War. This site presents Vietnam War history information into the following captions: Build-Up, Escalating War, Turning Point, US Withdrawal, and the Fall of Saigon. These articles provide you with a good source for information on the history of the Vietnam War.

Vietnam War, 1961-1975 English 1320

http://news.bbc.co.uk