275 Prospect Street, PO Box 67, Norwood, MA 02062
781.762.6804 Phone | 781.762.0229 Fax

This site provides information using PDF, visit this link to download the Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software.

Spanish Civil War; Franco; Guernica


Picasso, Guernica (detail)
http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/scw/scw.htm

About the Spanish Civil War
This interesting web site contains essays, poems, photographs, and artwork all dealing with the topic of the Spanish Civil War. There is an overview of the Civil War with a complete bibliography and recommended reading list provided, and a civil war photo essay. Read samples of letters written by American volunteers serving in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, view several examples of propaganda posters, examine an anarchist perspective on the Spanish Civil War, and read essays written by George Orwell and Ernest Hemingway. This is a fantastic web site!
Topic: War poetry, Spain, 1936-1939, Civil War Language: English  Image collection Primary Source Material  http://www.english.illinois.edu

Francisco Franco Bahamonde
After the Spanish Civil War, he presided over the fascist dictatorial government. Investigate the early life, military career, and rise to power of Generalissimo Francisco Franco. Find out why he joined the infantry instead of the navy. The youngest general of any European army in his day, Franco led his troops and trained cadets while avoiding overt opposition. Franco's extensive demands kept Spain out of World War II while the Cold War again created international alliances. Stability and order were the goals of his regime with politically ideology playing a minor role.
Topic: Franco, Francisco,--1892-1975  Language: English  Lexile: 1480 http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org

1975: Spanish Dictator Franco Dies
After ruling Spain for decades, Generalissimo Franco died in 1975 of heart failure. While his body lay in state at the palace, flags flew at half mast. On his deathbed, he asked forgiveness from his enemies even as he offered forgiveness to them. He requested loyalty and unity among the Spanish people as a king took his place. Learn about Franco's contributions during the Spanish Civil War, his role during World War II, and the repression that was common during his regime. Discover how Spain became a parliamentary monarchy after his death.
Topic: Franco, Francisco,--1892-1975, Juan Carlos I, King of Spain, 1938 Language: English Lexile: 1330  Biography http://news.bbc.co.uk

Firestorms: The Bombing of Civilians in World War II
Before World War II the military did not target civilians in bombing raids. One of the most well-known military attacks on civilians was the bombing of Guernica in 1937. German bombers and warplanes attacked the town during the Spanish Civil War. Get details about the bombing that destroyed the entire town. This article provides history of the Laws of War and the bombing of civilians. Precision vs. Area bombing is explained and firestorms in Japan are described.
Topic: Spain, 1936-1939, Civil War, Civilians in war, The Bombing of Guernica (Spain), 1937 Language: English Lexile: 1170 http://www.crf-usa.org

Guernica
One horrific day in 1937, the undefended town of Guernica in Spain was bombed for three hours. Over 3,000 people died and the town was razed to the ground. This web site about artist Pablo Picasso explains his connection to Guernica and his reaction to the bombing of his homeland. Find out about the Guernica painting created by Picasso and get details about how it was made. It is considered one of the greatest masterpieces in the history of art and is described as a monumental outpouring of grief and rage condemning the senselessness of war.
Topic: The Bombing of Guernica (Spain), 1937, Picasso, Pablo,--1881-1973 Language: English Lexile: 1520 http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au

Bombing of Guernika
The Guernika Peace Museum in Spain provides history about the bombing of Guernica, Spain in 1937. First understand what events caused the onset of the Spanish Civil War and see how the people of Guernica survived the first months of the war. The technical aspects of the bombing are explained and the total destruction of the town and the experience of the bombing are described. Learn about the occupation of Guernica by the troops and about Guernica after the war.
Topic: Spain, 1936-1939, Civil War, The Bombing of Guernica (Spain), 1937 Language: English, Spanish, French Lexile: 1110 http://www.museodelapaz.org

Berlin Exhibition Tells the Story of Picasso's Guernica
One of the most famous paintings in the world was painted by Pablo Picasso to represent the bombing of Guernica in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. Learn about Picasso's assignment that led to the painting and find out details of the events of the day of the bombing in 1937. The history of the painting is discussed and the condition of the painting is described. See photographs of Picasso, the painting, and Guernica.
Topic: Spain, 1936-1939, Civil War, Picasso, Pablo,--1881-1973, The Bombing of Guernica (Spain), 1937 Language: English Lexile: 1950 News Source      http://www.dw.de

Questions of Intent and Jurisdiction Put an End to Spanish War Crimes Probe
Over 130,000 Spaniards disappeared during the reign of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. Judge Baltasar Garzon described Franco's efforts to eliminate all opposition during the Spanish Civil War and the years that followed. For nearly four decades from 1939 to 1976, Franco ruled Spain as a fascist dictatorship. Garzon says Franco's elimination of the opposition constitutes a war crime under international law. Surviving accomplices of Franco do not qualify for amnesty and can still be prosecuted. A month later, Garzon said the crimes are not under his jurisdiction.
Topic: Franco, Francisco,--1892-1975 Language: English Lexile: 1670  http://www.findingdulcinea.com

The Legacy of Guernica
Seventy years after the bombing of Guernica, the BBC returns to the Spanish town to examine its impact. Interviews with residents, most in their eighties, recall the terrifying Monday in 1937, at the dawn of the Second World War, when German and Italian bombs fell and the city burned. Photos show a scene from Guernica then and now. Quotes from the survivors explain how they want the truth to be told, since the real story was denied for years. Most of all, survivors want the world to remember what happened. Says one 84-year-old survivor, War doesn't solve anything.
Topic: The Bombing of Guernica (Spain), 1937  Language: English Lexile: 1030  http://news.bbc.co.uk